Ovulation usually occurs around mid cycle, which is 14-16 days from 1st day of last menstrual cycle (LMP). As soon as you ovulate, your egg will travel into the fallopian tubes hoping to meet the male sperm and get fertilized. If this does not happen within 12 -24 hours, your body will eliminate the egg and you will have to wait for your next ovulation if you hope to get pregnant.
Understanding Your Menstrual Cycle – Your Fertile Period
Ovulation time is the only time of the month you can conceive, and you are basically infertile for the next 27 days or so. Your egg will only survive for 12-24 hours after ovulation, while your partner’s sperm can survive for up to 5 days after sex. It is therefore very important for you to have an idea on when you will be ovulating next if you have any intentions of getting pregnant. Luckily, if you have regular periods, you will be able to predict your ovulation by using a calendar to monitor your menstrual cycle or through fertility tests such as ovulation predictor kits.
Understanding Your Menstrual Cycle – Testing For Ovulation
Testing for ovulation is one of the surest ways to detect oncoming ovulation. Ovulation should take place around the middle of your cycle and an ovulation test will warn you 24-48 hours in advance so you can have unprotected sex at least once a day for the next 3-5 days. The most common ovulation detectors are the urine test and the saliva test. The urine test resembles a home pregnancy test and works by detecting a hormone called hCG. The saliva test involves a microscope and a testing slab where saliva is applied. Forthcoming ovulation is predicted by a fern pattern that can only be identified through the microscope.
Understanding Your Menstrual Cycle – Ovulation Calculators
Ovulation calculators can also predict your most fertile days and are available in most pregnancy websites across the internet. You will have to monitor your menstrual cycle for around 3 months so as to be able to give truthful information to these calculators. Our ovulation calculator requires your average cycle length and LMP (first day of last menstrual period) to be able to calculate your possible ovulation date. Ovulation calculators are not 100% accurate for a number of reasons, but you can expect to ovulate 3- days before or after your predicted ovulation date if you have regular periods.
Understanding Your Menstrual Cycle – Factors That Affect Ovulation Results
There are several factors that will affect the ovulation results of an ovulation calculator, such as illness, climate change, stress, smoking, alcohol, and recreational drugs. Another factor that will affect your ovulation results is irregular periods.
If you have irregular periods, you will not know your average menstrual cycle length and you will therefore not be able to use an ovulation calculator. Luckily, you can still make use of daily ovulation tests to predict approaching ovulation. This way, you and your partner can have unprotected sex at least once daily as soon as you get a positive result.