Unlike menstruation pain which is experienced by most women, ovulation pain only affects about 20% of all women. This kind of pain, also known as mittelschmerz (German word that means middle pain), is experienced around ovulation time and can either be mild or extremely painful, but usually nothing to worry about.
Ovulation Pain – Symptoms
The most common sign of mittelschmerz is a sharp pain that is experienced on one side of the abdomen or both. The sharp pain may fade into a dull pain and can even spread into the pelvis and the back, resulting to back pain.
For some women, ovulation pain can be extremely painful, but this is considered harmless unless it is accompanied by dizziness, vomiting, diarrhea, or breathing difficulties. Is such cases, a doctor should be contacted immediately to rule out endometriosis, appendicitis, or something more serious.
Ovulation pain might get worse during sex or exercises and might be accompanied by other symptoms such as slight vaginal bleeding, nausea and bloating.
Ovulation Pain – How Often Does It Occur?
Some women will go through painful ovulation or mittelschmerz every time they are ovulating, but most will only experience it after every 3 or 4 cycles. Ovulation pain can last for 6-8 hours, but for some women, it can last for as long as 24-48 hours.
Also, this kind of pain might occur before, during, or after ovulation and it is therefore not a very dependable sign of impending ovulation. This being the case, you should not rely on it to predict ovulation if you intend to get pregnant. Instead, take advantage of ovulation tests or ovulation calculators.
Ovulation Pain – Cause
The origins of ovulation pain is still a mystery, but experts think that might it be caused by an outflow of blood that is released together with the ovum or egg. This blood outflow causes an irritation which eventually leads to abdominal and back pain. The amount of blood released is believed to determine the amount of pain experienced.
Ovulation Pain – Relief
Luckily, ovulation pain can be relieved using several ways. Some women will experience relief by drinking plenty of water, while others will use a heating pad on the abdomen or back. Another strategy to relieve ovulation-related back pain is to soak in a warm bath or Jacuzzi.
Over-the-counter pain killers will also offer relief, but in some cases, doctors might prescribe contraceptives to stop the ovulation process completely, especially when a woman doesn’t have any plans of becoming pregnant.
Ovulation Pain – When to Worry
When ovulation pain becomes so serious that it interferes with your every day activities, it might be a sign of something more serious. Other worrying symptoms include high fever, vomiting blood, and a swollen abdomen. Also, if mittelschmerz or a pain that resembles ovulation pain occurs when ovulation is not likely to be happening, seek medical help immediately. You may even use an ovulation test or an ovulation calculator to find out if your pain is ovulation pain or not.